Job 15-22
Eliphaz Accuses: Job Does Not Fear God
15 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2    “Should a wise man answer with windy knowledge,
and fill his belly with the east wind?
3    Should he argue in unprofitable talk,
or in words with which he can do no good?
4    But you are doing away with the fear of God
and hindering meditation before God.
5    For your iniquity teaches your mouth,
and you choose the tongue of the crafty.
6    Your own mouth condemns you, and not I;
your own lips testify against you.
7    “Are you the first man who was born?
Or were you brought forth before the hills?
8    Have you listened in the council of God?
And do you limit wisdom to yourself?
9    What do you know that we do not know?
What do you understand that is not clear to us?
10    Both the gray-haired and the aged are among us,
older than your father.
11    Are the comforts of God too small for you,
or the word that deals gently with you?
12    Why does your heart carry you away,
and why do your eyes flash,
13    that you turn your spirit against God
and bring such words out of your mouth?
14    What is man, that he can be pure?
Or he who is born of a woman, that he can be righteous?
15    Behold, God puts no trust in his holy ones,
and the heavens are not pure in his sight;
16    how much less one who is abominable and corrupt,
a man who drinks injustice like water!
17    “I will show you; hear me,
and what I have seen I will declare
18    (what wise men have told,
without hiding it from their fathers,
19    to whom alone the land was given,
and no stranger passed among them).
20    The wicked man writhes in pain all his days,
through all the years that are laid up for the ruthless.
21    Dreadful sounds are in his ears;
in prosperity the destroyer will come upon him.
22    He does not believe that he will return out of darkness,
and he is marked for the sword.
23    He wanders abroad for bread, saying, ‘Where is it?’
He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;
24    distress and anguish terrify him;
they prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.
25    Because he has stretched out his hand against God
and defies the Almighty,
26    running stubbornly against him
with a thickly bossed shield;
27    because he has covered his face with his fat
and gathered fat upon his waist
28    and has lived in desolate cities,
in houses that none should inhabit,
which were ready to become heaps of ruins;
29    he will not be rich, and his wealth will not endure,
nor will his possessions spread over the earth;
30    he will not depart from darkness;
the flame will dry up his shoots,
and by the breath of his mouth he will depart.
31    Let him not trust in emptiness, deceiving himself,
for emptiness will be his payment.
32    It will be paid in full before his time,
and his branch will not be green.
33    He will shake off his unripe grape like the vine,
and cast off his blossom like the olive tree.
34    For the company of the godless is barren,
and fire consumes the tents of bribery.
35    They conceive trouble and give birth to evil,
and their womb prepares deceit.”
Job Replies: Miserable Comforters Are You
16 Then Job answered and said:
2    “I have heard many such things;
miserable comforters are you all.
3    Shall windy words have an end?
Or what provokes you that you answer?
4    I also could speak as you do,
if you were in my place;
       I could join words together against you
and shake my head at you.
5    I could strengthen you with my mouth,
and the solace of my lips would assuage your pain.
6    “If I speak, my pain is not assuaged,
and if I forbear, how much of it leaves me?
7    Surely now God has worn me out;
he has made desolate all my company.
8    And he has shriveled me up,
which is a witness against me,
       and my leanness has risen up against me;
it testifies to my face.
9    He has torn me in his wrath and hated me;
he has gnashed his teeth at me;
my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.
10    Men have gaped at me with their mouth;
they have struck me insolently on the cheek;
they mass themselves together against me.
11    God gives me up to the ungodly
and casts me into the hands of the wicked.
12    I was at ease, and he broke me apart;
he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces;
       he set me up as his target;
13        his archers surround me.
       He slashes open my kidneys and does not spare;
he pours out my gall on the ground.
14    He breaks me with breach upon breach;
he runs upon me like a warrior.
15    I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin
and have laid my strength in the dust.
16    My face is red with weeping,
and on my eyelids is deep darkness,
17    although there is no violence in my hands,
and my prayer is pure.
18    “O earth, cover not my blood,
and let my cry find no resting place.
19    Even now, behold, my witness is in heaven,
and he who testifies for me is on high.
20    My friends scorn me;
my eye pours out tears to God,
21    that he would argue the case of a man with God,
as a son of man does with his neighbor.
22    For when a few years have come
I shall go the way from which I shall not return.
Job Continues: Where Then Is My Hope?
17 “My spirit is broken; my days are extinct;
the graveyard is ready for me.
2    Surely there are mockers about me,
and my eye dwells on their provocation.
3    “Lay down a pledge for me with you;
who is there who will put up security for me?
4    Since you have closed their hearts to understanding,
therefore you will not let them triumph.
5    He who informs against his friends to get a share of their property—
the eyes of his children will fail.
6    “He has made me a byword of the peoples,
and I am one before whom men spit.
7    My eye has grown dim from vexation,
and all my members are like a shadow.
8    The upright are appalled at this,
and the innocent stirs himself up against the godless.
9    Yet the righteous holds to his way,
and he who has clean hands grows stronger and stronger.
10    But you, come on again, all of you,
and I shall not find a wise man among you.
11    My days are past; my plans are broken off,
the desires of my heart.
12    They make night into day:
‘The light,’ they say, ‘is near to the darkness.’
13    If I hope for Sheol as my house,
if I make my bed in darkness,
14    if I say to the pit, ‘You are my father,’
and to the worm, ‘My mother,’ or ‘My sister,’
15    where then is my hope?
Who will see my hope?
16    Will it go down to the bars of Sheol?
Shall we descend together into the dust?”
Bildad Speaks: God Punishes the Wicked
18 Then Bildad the Shuhite answered and said:
2    “How long will you hunt for words?
Consider, and then we will speak.
3    Why are we counted as cattle?
Why are we stupid in your sight?
4    You who tear yourself in your anger,
shall the earth be forsaken for you,
or the rock be removed out of its place?
5    “Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out,
and the flame of his fire does not shine.
6    The light is dark in his tent,
and his lamp above him is put out.
7    His strong steps are shortened,
and his own schemes throw him down.
8    For he is cast into a net by his own feet,
and he walks on its mesh.
9    A trap seizes him by the heel;
a snare lays hold of him.
10    A rope is hidden for him in the ground,
a trap for him in the path.
11    Terrors frighten him on every side,
and chase him at his heels.
12    His strength is famished,
and calamity is ready for his stumbling.
13    It consumes the parts of his skin;
the firstborn of death consumes his limbs.
14    He is torn from the tent in which he trusted
and is brought to the king of terrors.
15    In his tent dwells that which is none of his;
sulfur is scattered over his habitation.
16    His roots dry up beneath,
and his branches wither above.
17    His memory perishes from the earth,
and he has no name in the street.
18    He is thrust from light into darkness,
and driven out of the world.
19    He has no posterity or progeny among his people,
and no survivor where he used to live.
20    They of the west are appalled at his day,
and horror seizes them of the east.
21    Surely such are the dwellings of the unrighteous,
such is the place of him who knows not God.”
Job Replies: My Redeemer Lives
19 Then Job answered and said:
2    “How long will you torment me
and break me in pieces with words?
3    These ten times you have cast reproach upon me;
are you not ashamed to wrong me?
4    And even if it be true that I have erred,
my error remains with myself.
5    If indeed you magnify yourselves against me
and make my disgrace an argument against me,
6    know then that God has put me in the wrong
and closed his net about me.
7    Behold, I cry out, ‘Violence!’ but I am not answered;
I call for help, but there is no justice.
8    He has walled up my way, so that I cannot pass,
and he has set darkness upon my paths.
9    He has stripped from me my glory
and taken the crown from my head.
10    He breaks me down on every side, and I am gone,
and my hope has he pulled up like a tree.
11    He has kindled his wrath against me
and counts me as his adversary.
12    His troops come on together;
they have cast up their siege ramp against me
and encamp around my tent.
13    “He has put my brothers far from me,
and those who knew me are wholly estranged from me.
14    My relatives have failed me,
my close friends have forgotten me.
15    The guests in my house and my maidservants count me as a stranger;
I have become a foreigner in their eyes.
16    I call to my servant, but he gives me no answer;
I must plead with him with my mouth for mercy.
17    My breath is strange to my wife,
and I am a stench to the children of my own mother.
18    Even young children despise me;
when I rise they talk against me.
19    All my intimate friends abhor me,
and those whom I loved have turned against me.
20    My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh,
and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.
21    Have mercy on me, have mercy on me, O you my friends,
for the hand of God has touched me!
22    Why do you, like God, pursue me?
Why are you not satisfied with my flesh?
23    “Oh that my words were written!
Oh that they were inscribed in a book!
24    Oh that with an iron pen and lead
they were engraved in the rock forever!
25    For I know that my Redeemer lives,
and at the last he will stand upon the earth.
26    And after my skin has been thus destroyed,
yet in my flesh I shall see God,
27    whom I shall see for myself,
and my eyes shall behold, and not another.
My heart faints within me!
28    If you say, ‘How we will pursue him!’
and, ‘The root of the matter is found in him,’
29    be afraid of the sword,
for wrath brings the punishment of the sword,
that you may know there is a judgment.”
Zophar Speaks: The Wicked Will Suffer
20 Then Zophar the Naamathite answered and said:
2    “Therefore my thoughts answer me,
because of my haste within me.
3    I hear censure that insults me,
and out of my understanding a spirit answers me.
4    Do you not know this from of old,
since man was placed on earth,
5    that the exulting of the wicked is short,
and the joy of the godless but for a moment?
6    Though his height mount up to the heavens,
and his head reach to the clouds,
7    he will perish forever like his own dung;
those who have seen him will say, ‘Where is he?’
8    He will fly away like a dream and not be found;
he will be chased away like a vision of the night.
9    The eye that saw him will see him no more,
nor will his place any more behold him.
10    His children will seek the favor of the poor,
and his hands will give back his wealth.
11    His bones are full of his youthful vigor,
but it will lie down with him in the dust.
12    “Though evil is sweet in his mouth,
though he hides it under his tongue,
13    though he is loath to let it go
and holds it in his mouth,
14    yet his food is turned in his stomach;
it is the venom of cobras within him.
15    He swallows down riches and vomits them up again;
God casts them out of his belly.
16    He will suck the poison of cobras;
the tongue of a viper will kill him.
17    He will not look upon the rivers,
the streams flowing with honey and curds.
18    He will give back the fruit of his toil
and will not swallow it down;
       from the profit of his trading
he will get no enjoyment.
19    For he has crushed and abandoned the poor;
he has seized a house that he did not build.
20    “Because he knew no contentment in his belly,
he will not let anything in which he delights escape him.
21    There was nothing left after he had eaten;
therefore his prosperity will not endure.
22    In the fullness of his sufficiency he will be in distress;
the hand of everyone in misery will come against him.
23    To fill his belly to the full,
God will send his burning anger against him
and rain it upon him into his body.
24    He will flee from an iron weapon;
a bronze arrow will strike him through.
25    It is drawn forth and comes out of his body;
the glittering point comes out of his gallbladder;
terrors come upon him.
26    Utter darkness is laid up for his treasures;
a fire not fanned will devour him;
what is left in his tent will be consumed.
27    The heavens will reveal his iniquity,
and the earth will rise up against him.
28    The possessions of his house will be carried away,
dragged off in the day of God’s wrath.
29    This is the wicked man’s portion from God,
the heritage decreed for him by God.”
Job Replies: The Wicked Do Prosper
21 Then Job answered and said:
2    “Keep listening to my words,
and let this be your comfort.
3    Bear with me, and I will speak,
and after I have spoken, mock on.
4    As for me, is my complaint against man?
Why should I not be impatient?
5    Look at me and be appalled,
and lay your hand over your mouth.
6    When I remember, I am dismayed,
and shuddering seizes my flesh.
7    Why do the wicked live,
reach old age, and grow mighty in power?
8    Their offspring are established in their presence,
and their descendants before their eyes.
9    Their houses are safe from fear,
and no rod of God is upon them.
10    Their bull breeds without fail;
their cow calves and does not miscarry.
11    They send out their little boys like a flock,
and their children dance.
12    They sing to the tambourine and the lyre
and rejoice to the sound of the pipe.
13    They spend their days in prosperity,
and in peace they go down to Sheol.
14    They say to God, ‘Depart from us!
We do not desire the knowledge of your ways.
15    What is the Almighty, that we should serve him?
And what profit do we get if we pray to him?’
16    Behold, is not their prosperity in their hand?
The counsel of the wicked is far from me.
17    “How often is it that the lamp of the wicked is put out?
That their calamity comes upon them?
That God distributes pains in his anger?
18    That they are like straw before the wind,
and like chaff that the storm carries away?
19    You say, ‘God stores up their iniquity for their children.’
Let him pay it out to them, that they may know it.
20    Let their own eyes see their destruction,
and let them drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
21    For what do they care for their houses after them,
when the number of their months is cut off?
22    Will any teach God knowledge,
seeing that he judges those who are on high?
23    One dies in his full vigor,
being wholly at ease and secure,
24    his pails full of milk
and the marrow of his bones moist.
25    Another dies in bitterness of soul,
never having tasted of prosperity.
26    They lie down alike in the dust,
and the worms cover them.
27    “Behold, I know your thoughts
and your schemes to wrong me.
28    For you say, ‘Where is the house of the prince?
Where is the tent in which the wicked lived?’
29    Have you not asked those who travel the roads,
and do you not accept their testimony
30    that the evil man is spared in the day of calamity,
that he is rescued in the day of wrath?
31    Who declares his way to his face,
and who repays him for what he has done?
32    When he is carried to the grave,
watch is kept over his tomb.
33    The clods of the valley are sweet to him;
all mankind follows after him,
and those who go before him are innumerable.
34    How then will you comfort me with empty nothings?
There is nothing left of your answers but falsehood.”
Eliphaz Speaks: Job’s Wickedness Is Great
22 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2    “Can a man be profitable to God?
Surely he who is wise is profitable to himself.
3    Is it any pleasure to the Almighty if you are in the right,
or is it gain to him if you make your ways blameless?
4    Is it for your fear of him that he reproves you
and enters into judgment with you?
5    Is not your evil abundant?
There is no end to your iniquities.
6    For you have exacted pledges of your brothers for nothing
and stripped the naked of their clothing.
7    You have given no water to the weary to drink,
and you have withheld bread from the hungry.
8    The man with power possessed the land,
and the favored man lived in it.
9    You have sent widows away empty,
and the arms of the fatherless were crushed.
10    Therefore snares are all around you,
and sudden terror overwhelms you,
11    or darkness, so that you cannot see,
and a flood of water covers you.
12    “Is not God high in the heavens?
See the highest stars, how lofty they are!
13    But you say, ‘What does God know?
Can he judge through the deep darkness?
14    Thick clouds veil him, so that he does not see,
and he walks on the vault of heaven.’
15    Will you keep to the old way
that wicked men have trod?
16    They were snatched away before their time;
their foundation was washed away.
17    They said to God, ‘Depart from us,’
and ‘What can the Almighty do to us?’
18    Yet he filled their houses with good things—
but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
19    The righteous see it and are glad;
the innocent one mocks at them,
20    saying, ‘Surely our adversaries are cut off,
and what they left the fire has consumed.’
21    “Agree with God, and be at peace;
thereby good will come to you.
22    Receive instruction from his mouth,
and lay up his words in your heart.
23    If you return to the Almighty you will be built up;
if you remove injustice far from your tents,
24    if you lay gold in the dust,
and gold of Ophir among the stones of the torrent-bed,
25    then the Almighty will be your gold
and your precious silver.
26    For then you will delight yourself in the Almighty
and lift up your face to God.
27    You will make your prayer to him, and he will hear you,
and you will pay your vows.
28    You will decide on a matter, and it will be established for you,
and light will shine on your ways.
29    For when they are humbled you say, ‘It is because of pride’;
but he saves the lowly.
30    He delivers even the one who is not innocent,
who will be delivered through the cleanness of your hands.” [1]

            I think we have made it clear that Jobs comforters are not very good. If we have missed it Job points it out in Chapter 16:2 what “miserable comforters are you all.” Yet it doesn’t stop them from continuing Bildad continues telling Job he must be wicked! The best explanation is given again in Called to be Gods People, Job responds the only way he knows how:
“I wish now my words were written.
I wish they were inscribed on a scroll—
With an iron stylus and lead forever engraved on a rock.
But I know that my redeemer lives, and afterwards, he will rise on earth.
Even after my skin has been stripped off this body,
I will see God in my own flesh,
whom I will view and see with my own eyes, not with someone else’s
My heart fails inside me!
Job, at the height of his debate with his friends is driven to rely only on his redeemer and defender. This is so important a statement that he wishes that it were part of a permanent record. Moreover, Job expresses his faith not only in eternal life, but also in the resurrection, first in the resurrection of his Redeemer (“he will rise”) and then in his own resurrection (“I will see God in my own flesh … with my own eyes.”) While many have tried to explain this passage as something other than Job’s faith in God’s promise of the resurrection, the plain sense of the words point to Job’s faith in Christ and his resurrection (since he will see “with his own eyes”). Job looks forward to the Savior and clings to the Gospel. It is his only hope when all else has failed him.”[2]

[1] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016), Job 15:1–22:30.
[2] Andrew E. Steinmann, Michael Eschelbach, et al., Called to Be God’s People: An Introduction to the Old Testament, ed. Andrew E. Steinmann, vol. 1, Called by the Gospel (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2006), 388–389.

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