Job 32-38
Elihu Rebukes Job’s Three Friends
32 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. 2 Then Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, burned with anger. He burned with anger at Job because he justified himself rather than God. 3 He burned with anger also at Job’s three friends because they had found no answer, although they had declared Job to be in the wrong. 4 Now Elihu had waited to speak to Job because they were older than he. 5 And when Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, he burned with anger.
6 And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said:
       “I am young in years,
and you are aged;
       therefore I was timid and afraid
to declare my opinion to you.
7    I said, ‘Let days speak,
and many years teach wisdom.’
8    But it is the spirit in man,
the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand.
9    It is not the old who are wise,
nor the aged who understand what is right.
10    Therefore I say, ‘Listen to me;
let me also declare my opinion.’
11    “Behold, I waited for your words,
I listened for your wise sayings,
while you searched out what to say.
12    I gave you my attention,
and, behold, there was none among you who refuted Job
or who answered his words.
13    Beware lest you say, ‘We have found wisdom;
God may vanquish him, not a man.’
14    He has not directed his words against me,
and I will not answer him with your speeches.
15    “They are dismayed; they answer no more;
they have not a word to say.
16    And shall I wait, because they do not speak,
because they stand there, and answer no more?
17    I also will answer with my share;
I also will declare my opinion.
18    For I am full of words;
the spirit within me constrains me.
19    Behold, my belly is like wine that has no vent;
like new wineskins ready to burst.
20    I must speak, that I may find relief;
I must open my lips and answer.
21    I will not show partiality to any man
or use flattery toward any person.
22    For I do not know how to flatter,
else my Maker would soon take me away.
Elihu Rebukes Job
33 “But now, hear my speech, O Job,
and listen to all my words.
2    Behold, I open my mouth;
the tongue in my mouth speaks.
3    My words declare the uprightness of my heart,
and what my lips know they speak sincerely.
4    The Spirit of God has made me,
and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5    Answer me, if you can;
set your words in order before me; take your stand.
6    Behold, I am toward God as you are;
I too was pinched off from a piece of clay.
7    Behold, no fear of me need terrify you;
my pressure will not be heavy upon you.
8    “Surely you have spoken in my ears,
and I have heard the sound of your words.
9    You say, ‘I am pure, without transgression;
I am clean, and there is no iniquity in me.
10    Behold, he finds occasions against me,
he counts me as his enemy,
11    he puts my feet in the stocks
and watches all my paths.’
12    “Behold, in this you are not right. I will answer you,
for God is greater than man.
13    Why do you contend against him,
saying, ‘He will answer none of man’s words’?
14    For God speaks in one way,
and in two, though man does not perceive it.
15    In a dream, in a vision of the night,
when deep sleep falls on men,
while they slumber on their beds,
16    then he opens the ears of men
and terrifies them with warnings,
17    that he may turn man aside from his deed
and conceal pride from a man;
18    he keeps back his soul from the pit,
his life from perishing by the sword.
19    “Man is also rebuked with pain on his bed
and with continual strife in his bones,
20    so that his life loathes bread,
and his appetite the choicest food.
21    His flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen,
and his bones that were not seen stick out.
22    His soul draws near the pit,
and his life to those who bring death.
23    If there be for him an angel,
a mediator, one of the thousand,
to declare to man what is right for him,
24    and he is merciful to him, and says,
‘Deliver him from going down into the pit;
I have found a ransom;
25    let his flesh become fresh with youth;
let him return to the days of his youthful vigor’;
26    then man prays to God, and he accepts him;
he sees his face with a shout of joy,
       and he restores to man his righteousness.
27        He sings before men and says:
       ‘I sinned and perverted what was right,
and it was not repaid to me.
28    He has redeemed my soul from going down into the pit,
and my life shall look upon the light.’
29    “Behold, God does all these things,
twice, three times, with a man,
30    to bring back his soul from the pit,
that he may be lighted with the light of life.
31    Pay attention, O Job, listen to me;
be silent, and I will speak.
32    If you have any words, answer me;
speak, for I desire to justify you.
33    If not, listen to me;
be silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”
Elihu Asserts God’s Justice
34 Then Elihu answered and said:
2    “Hear my words, you wise men,
and give ear to me, you who know;
3    for the ear tests words
as the palate tastes food.
4    Let us choose what is right;
let us know among ourselves what is good.
5    For Job has said, ‘I am in the right,
and God has taken away my right;
6    in spite of my right I am counted a liar;
my wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.’
7    What man is like Job,
who drinks up scoffing like water,
8    who travels in company with evildoers
and walks with wicked men?
9    For he has said, ‘It profits a man nothing
that he should take delight in God.’
10    “Therefore, hear me, you men of understanding:
far be it from God that he should do wickedness,
and from the Almighty that he should do wrong.
11    For according to the work of a man he will repay him,
and according to his ways he will make it befall him.
12    Of a truth, God will not do wickedly,
and the Almighty will not pervert justice.
13    Who gave him charge over the earth,
and who laid on him the whole world?
14    If he should set his heart to it
and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,
15    all flesh would perish together,
and man would return to dust.
16    “If you have understanding, hear this;
listen to what I say.
17    Shall one who hates justice govern?
Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty,
18    who says to a king, ‘Worthless one,’
and to nobles, ‘Wicked man,’
19    who shows no partiality to princes,
nor regards the rich more than the poor,
for they are all the work of his hands?
20    In a moment they die;
at midnight the people are shaken and pass away,
and the mighty are taken away by no human hand.
21    “For his eyes are on the ways of a man,
and he sees all his steps.
22    There is no gloom or deep darkness
where evildoers may hide themselves.
23    For God has no need to consider a man further,
that he should go before God in judgment.
24    He shatters the mighty without investigation
and sets others in their place.
25    Thus, knowing their works,
he overturns them in the night, and they are crushed.
26    He strikes them for their wickedness
in a place for all to see,
27    because they turned aside from following him
and had no regard for any of his ways,
28    so that they caused the cry of the poor to come to him,
and he heard the cry of the afflicted—
29    When he is quiet, who can condemn?
When he hides his face, who can behold him,
whether it be a nation or a man?—
30    that a godless man should not reign,
that he should not ensnare the people.
31    “For has anyone said to God,
‘I have borne punishment; I will not offend any more;
32    teach me what I do not see;
if I have done iniquity, I will do it no more’?
33    Will he then make repayment to suit you,
because you reject it?
       For you must choose, and not I;
therefore declare what you know.
34    Men of understanding will say to me,
and the wise man who hears me will say:
35    ‘Job speaks without knowledge;
his words are without insight.’
36    Would that Job were tried to the end,
because he answers like wicked men.
37    For he adds rebellion to his sin;
he claps his hands among us
and multiplies his words against God.”
Elihu Condemns Job
35 And Elihu answered and said:
2    “Do you think this to be just?
Do you say, ‘It is my right before God,’
3    that you ask, ‘What advantage have I?
How am I better off than if I had sinned?’
4    I will answer you
and your friends with you.
5    Look at the heavens, and see;
and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.
6    If you have sinned, what do you accomplish against him?
And if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?
7    If you are righteous, what do you give to him?
Or what does he receive from your hand?
8    Your wickedness concerns a man like yourself,
and your righteousness a son of man.
9    “Because of the multitude of oppressions people cry out;
they call for help because of the arm of the mighty.
10    But none says, ‘Where is God my Maker,
who gives songs in the night,
11    who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth
and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?’
12    There they cry out, but he does not answer,
because of the pride of evil men.
13    Surely God does not hear an empty cry,
nor does the Almighty regard it.
14    How much less when you say that you do not see him,
that the case is before him, and you are waiting for him!
15    And now, because his anger does not punish,
and he does not take much note of transgression,
16    Job opens his mouth in empty talk;
he multiplies words without knowledge.”
Elihu Extols God’s Greatness
36 And Elihu continued, and said:
2    “Bear with me a little, and I will show you,
for I have yet something to say on God’s behalf.
3    I will get my knowledge from afar
and ascribe righteousness to my Maker.
4    For truly my words are not false;
one who is perfect in knowledge is with you.
5    “Behold, God is mighty, and does not despise any;
he is mighty in strength of understanding.
6    He does not keep the wicked alive,
but gives the afflicted their right.
7    He does not withdraw his eyes from the righteous,
but with kings on the throne
he sets them forever, and they are exalted.
8    And if they are bound in chains
and caught in the cords of affliction,
9    then he declares to them their work
and their transgressions, that they are behaving arrogantly.
10    He opens their ears to instruction
and commands that they return from iniquity.
11    If they listen and serve him,
they complete their days in prosperity,
and their years in pleasantness.
12    But if they do not listen, they perish by the sword
and die without knowledge.
13    “The godless in heart cherish anger;
they do not cry for help when he binds them.
14    They die in youth,
and their life ends among the cult prostitutes.
15    He delivers the afflicted by their affliction
and opens their ear by adversity.
16    He also allured you out of distress
into a broad place where there was no cramping,
and what was set on your table was full of fatness.
17    “But you are full of the judgment on the wicked;
judgment and justice seize you.
18    Beware lest wrath entice you into scoffing,
and let not the greatness of the ransom turn you aside.
19    Will your cry for help avail to keep you from distress,
or all the force of your strength?
20    Do not long for the night,
when peoples vanish in their place.
21    Take care; do not turn to iniquity,
for this you have chosen rather than affliction.
22    Behold, God is exalted in his power;
who is a teacher like him?
23    Who has prescribed for him his way,
or who can say, ‘You have done wrong’?
24    “Remember to extol his work,
of which men have sung.
25    All mankind has looked on it;
man beholds it from afar.
26    Behold, God is great, and we know him not;
the number of his years is unsearchable.
27    For he draws up the drops of water;
they distill his mist in rain,
28    which the skies pour down
and drop on mankind abundantly.
29    Can anyone understand the spreading of the clouds,
the thunderings of his pavilion?
30    Behold, he scatters his lightning about him
and covers the roots of the sea.
31    For by these he judges peoples;
he gives food in abundance.
32    He covers his hands with the lightning
and commands it to strike the mark.
33    Its crashing declares his presence;
the cattle also declare that he rises.
Elihu Proclaims God’s Majesty
37 “At this also my heart trembles
and leaps out of its place.
2    Keep listening to the thunder of his voice
and the rumbling that comes from his mouth.
3    Under the whole heaven he lets it go,
and his lightning to the corners of the earth.
4    After it his voice roars;
he thunders with his majestic voice,
and he does not restrain the lightnings when his voice is heard.
5    God thunders wondrously with his voice;
he does great things that we cannot comprehend.
6    For to the snow he says, ‘Fall on the earth,’
likewise to the downpour, his mighty downpour.
7    He seals up the hand of every man,
that all men whom he made may know it.
8    Then the beasts go into their lairs,
and remain in their dens.
9    From its chamber comes the whirlwind,
and cold from the scattering winds.
10    By the breath of God ice is given,
and the broad waters are frozen fast.
11    He loads the thick cloud with moisture;
the clouds scatter his lightning.
12    They turn around and around by his guidance,
to accomplish all that he commands them
on the face of the habitable world.
13    Whether for correction or for his land
or for love, he causes it to happen.
14    “Hear this, O Job;
stop and consider the wondrous works of God.
15    Do you know how God lays his command upon them
and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?
16    Do you know the balancings of the clouds,
the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge,
17    you whose garments are hot
when the earth is still because of the south wind?
18    Can you, like him, spread out the skies,
hard as a cast metal mirror?
19    Teach us what we shall say to him;
we cannot draw up our case because of darkness.
20    Shall it be told him that I would speak?
Did a man ever wish that he would be swallowed up?
21    “And now no one looks on the light
when it is bright in the skies,
when the wind has passed and cleared them.
22    Out of the north comes golden splendor;
God is clothed with awesome majesty.
23    The Almighty—we cannot find him;
he is great in power;
justice and abundant righteousness he will not violate.
24    Therefore men fear him;
he does not regard any who are wise in their own conceit.”
The Lord Answers Job
38 Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind and said:
2    “Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?
3    Dress for action like a man;
I will question you, and you make it known to me.
4    “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell me, if you have understanding.
5    Who determined its measurements—surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
6    On what were its bases sunk,
or who laid its cornerstone,
7    when the morning stars sang together
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
8    “Or who shut in the sea with doors
when it burst out from the womb,
9    when I made clouds its garment
and thick darkness its swaddling band,
10    and prescribed limits for it
and set bars and doors,
11    and said, ‘Thus far shall you come, and no farther,
and here shall your proud waves be stayed’?
12    “Have you commanded the morning since your days began,
and caused the dawn to know its place,
13    that it might take hold of the skirts of the earth,
and the wicked be shaken out of it?
14    It is changed like clay under the seal,
and its features stand out like a garment.
15    From the wicked their light is withheld,
and their uplifted arm is broken.
16    “Have you entered into the springs of the sea,
or walked in the recesses of the deep?
17    Have the gates of death been revealed to you,
or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?
18    Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth?
Declare, if you know all this.
19    “Where is the way to the dwelling of light,
and where is the place of darkness,
20    that you may take it to its territory
and that you may discern the paths to its home?
21    You know, for you were born then,
and the number of your days is great!
22    “Have you entered the storehouses of the snow,
or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,
23    which I have reserved for the time of trouble,
for the day of battle and war?
24    What is the way to the place where the light is distributed,
or where the east wind is scattered upon the earth?
25    “Who has cleft a channel for the torrents of rain
and a way for the thunderbolt,
26    to bring rain on a land where no man is,
on the desert in which there is no man,
27    to satisfy the waste and desolate land,
and to make the ground sprout with grass?
28    “Has the rain a father,
or who has begotten the drops of dew?
29    From whose womb did the ice come forth,
and who has given birth to the frost of heaven?
30    The waters become hard like stone,
and the face of the deep is frozen.
31    “Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades
or loose the cords of Orion?
32    Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season,
or can you guide the Bear with its children?
33    Do you know the ordinances of the heavens?
Can you establish their rule on the earth?
34    “Can you lift up your voice to the clouds,
that a flood of waters may cover you?
35    Can you send forth lightnings, that they may go
and say to you, ‘Here we are’?
36    Who has put wisdom in the inward parts
or given understanding to the mind?
37    Who can number the clouds by wisdom?
Or who can tilt the waterskins of the heavens,
38    when the dust runs into a mass
and the clods stick fast together?
39    “Can you hunt the prey for the lion,
or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,
40    when they crouch in their dens
or lie in wait in their thicket?
41    Who provides for the raven its prey,
when its young ones cry to God for help,
and wander about for lack of food? [1]

            Elihu speaks!! One time many years ago… My daughter Anah had just turned 12, no longer able to receive the children’s discount to something or another that we were going to (I can’t remember what). It had only been like a week since her birthday and I said “Anah if anyone asks your 11,” my beautiful thoughtful daughter said “Dad I’m not going to lie,” I was struck with guilt, what had I just asked my little one to do? And yet the Holy Spirit spoke truth through her and convicted me. We learn a lot over the years, we have experience in many, many things but wisdom does not know age. I know many overgrown children, “adults” by name only. I also know many very mature children and young adults that rarely get recognized for how wise they have become. This is the case for Elihu who calls out Job and his friends. Elihu has patiently waited and when all seems lost he speaks. In 33:23-29 Elihu speaks the Gospel to Job, he speaks of a mediator, a ransom and being saved from death to eternal life. “Elihu speaks of God’s repeated effort to bring sinners to repentance and faith through their redeemer, so that they may enjoy the light of life (Job 33:29; Ps 56:13; John 8:12).”[2]
Not just hard, true gospel but strait wisdom and understanding. Elihu in all his words says plainly this:
4  I will answer you
and your friends with you.
5    Look at the heavens, and see;
and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.
6    If you have sinned, what do you accomplish against him?
And if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?
7    If you are righteous, what do you give to him?
Or what does he receive from your hand?
8    Your wickedness concerns a man like yourself,
and your righteousness a son of man. [3]

When we sin it doesn’t challenge God, he is not contending with us, we are not a challenge to him. When we do good and are righteous his power does not grow from its already infinite ability. Righteous or sinful man does not change who God is one way or the other, he is not dependent on us at all, this prosperity idea only concerns mankind, not God. What do our deeds righteous or not give him? Will praying 5 times a day, or meditation make him stronger? Does he require sacrifices to increase his power like pagan gods? No there is nothing we can do that changes who he is or how much he loves us (Romans 8). Elihu is clear in 37:13 when he says “Whether for correction or for his land or for love, he causes it to happen.” [4] Gods acts are righteous whether we accept them or not. More so in 35:15 Elihu says “And now, because his anger does not punish, and he does not take much note of transgression.” [5] Everything from Jobs friends has accused him, everything from Jobs mouth has emboldened him. Here though Elihu is saying ‘Yes God causes everything to happen but not out of anger, and not as punishment but for correction, land, or love.’ Regardless God has no need to explain and we should not depend on him only for good, but because of who he is. If that’s not enough though… enter God. If the creator ever tells me to “dress for action like a man” (38:3) it’s over, I got nothing. The next 38 verses in this reading (about 125 total) break down just how small and clueless man is, the infinite questions the knowledge of the finite in terms of existence itself, who are we to question? See Jobs faith may be in tact but his ignorance and pride tarnished his relationship with God.

[1] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016), Job 32:1–38:41.
[2] Andrew E. Steinmann, Michael Eschelbach, Curtis Giese, et al., Called to Be God’s People: An Introduction to the Old Testament, ed. Andrew E. Steinmann, vol. 1, Called by the Gospel (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2006), 389.
[3] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016), Job 35:4–8.
[4] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016), Job 37:13.
[5] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016), Job 35:15.

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